Wednesday, June 21, 2017

Selected Excerpts from Rabbi Ben Abrahamson’s Response to a Question related to Orthodox Judaism and Islam:

… I am an orthodox Jew, and my views are that of an orthodox Jew. I write from a historical perspective, not a theological one. I do not debate, but share my attempts to reconstruct how a 7th century Jew would have understood Islam, the Prophet (pbuh), and the context of God's message in the Qur'an. ….

…  while I generally stress the commonalities of Islam and Judaism, and where the literature of one can help throw light, context and understanding on the teachings of the other, what you say directly derives from a difference between Islam and Judaism.

Historically speaking, it is my opinion that starting around the time of Ibn Hazm and the great debates between Islam and Christianity, Islam began to view itself as the only righteous path and all others were corrupted and abrogated. This indeed is a Christian teaching about Judaism, and Ibn Hazm used this same argument against Christianity. The concept of abrogation was for the first time applied not only to Judaism and Christianity, even to the Qur'an itself. Ayat such as Surat Al-Baqara 2,62 had to be abrogated in favor of other ayat like Surat Al-Emran 3,85. Ibn Taymiyyah and Ibn Kathir, followed Ibn Hazm on these points.

However, Judaism never underwent this change. It has from the beginning stressed that there is only one proper religion for all mankind, Noahism. The differences in religion are due to simultaneous, multiple covenants. In this sense, Muslims who follow their religion properly have been ruled by our sages to following a perfect faith, complete in every way, guaranteed a portion in the world to come. In this sense proper Muslims and Jews are following the same religion with different customs. We believe that God will, in the end, explain our differences.

Of course Judaism is strongly against mixing customs. One cannot, and is in fact forbidden, to keep multiple covenants (shari'at) at the same time. This does not mean that Judaism has taught there is no value in one covenant for another faith community. Indeed Rabbi Benamozegh, (of whose school of thought I follow), explained that Judaism views other proper religions like workers building a great palace. An electrician, cannot and should not, interfere with the bricklayers. And the bricklayers, cannot and should not interfere with the architects. But all are needed to create the palace, and without the contribution of each one it would be impossible to complete the work.


This is the view of Talmudic Judaism. This is not the view of Islam at least since Ibn Hazm. As a Rabbinical historian, I believe great value can be obtained by cross-referencing authentic scriptural and historical traditions. …

Thursday, January 12, 2017

613 Commandments - Shariah of Bani Israel বনি ইসরাইলের শরীয়তের ৬১৩ টি বিধান

  1. To know there is a God — Ex. 20:2
  2. Not to even think that there are other gods besides Him — Standard->Ex. 20:3 Yemenite->Ex. 20:2
  3. To know that God is One — Deut. 6:4
  4. To love God —Deut. 6:5
  5. To fear God — Deut. 10:20
  6. To sanctify God's Name — Lev. 22:32
  7. Not to profane God's Name — Lev. 22:32
  8. Not to destroy objects associated with God's Name — Deut. 12:4
  9. To listen to the prophet speaking in God's Name — Deut. 18:15
  10. Not to try the LORD unduly — Deut. 6:16
  11. To emulate God's ways — Deut. 28:9
  12. To cleave to those who know God — Deut. 10:20
  13. To love other Believers — Lev. 19:18
  14. To love converts — Deut. 10:19
  15. Not to hate fellow Believers — Lev. 19:17
  16. To reprove a sinner — Lev. 19:17
  17. Not to embarrass others — Lev. 19:17
  18. Not to oppress the weak — Ex. 22:21
  19. Not to speak derogatorily of others — Lev. 19:16
  20. Not to take revenge — Lev. 19:18
  21. Not to bear a grudge — Lev. 19:18
  22. To learn Torah — Deut. 6:7
  23. To honor those who teach and know Torah — Lev. 19:32
  24. Not to inquire into idolatry — Lev. 19:4
  25. Not to follow the whims of your heart or what your eyes see — Num. 15:39
  26. Not to blaspheme — Ex. 22:27
  27. Not to worship idols in the manner they are worshiped — Standard->Ex. 20:6 Yemenite->Ex. 20:5
  28. Not to worship idols in the four ways we worship God — Standard->Ex. 20:6 Yemenite->Ex. 20:5
  29. Not to make an idol for yourself — Standard->Ex. 20:5 Yemenite->Ex. 20:4
  30. Not to make an idol for others — Lev. 19:4
  31. Not to make human forms even for decorative purposes — Standard->Ex. 20:21 Yemenite->Ex. 20:20
  32. Not to turn a city to idolatry — Deut. 13:14
  33. To burn a city that has turned to idol worship — Deut. 13:17
  34. Not to rebuild it as a city — Deut. 13:17
  35. Not to derive benefit from it — Deut. 13:18
  36. Not to missionize an individual to idol worship — Deut. 13:12
  37. Not to love the idolater — Deut. 13:9
  38. Not to cease hating the idolater — Deut. 13:9
  39. Not to save the idolater — Deut. 13:9
  40. Not to say anything in the idolater's defense — Deut. 13:9
  41. Not to refrain from incriminating the idolater — Deut. 13:9
  42. Not to prophesy in the name of idolatry — Deut. 13:14
  43. Not to listen to a false prophet — Deut. 13:4
  44. Not to prophesy falsely in the name of God — Deut. 18:20
  45. Not to be afraid of the false prophet — Deut. 18:22
  46. Not to swear in the name of an idol — Ex. 23:13
  47. Not to perform ov (medium) — Lev. 19:31
  48. Not to perform yidoni ("magical seer") — Lev. 19:31
  49. Not to pass your children through the fire to Molech — Lev. 18:21
  50. Not to erect a pillar in a public place of worship — Deut. 16:22
  51. Not to bow down before a smooth stone — Lev. 26:1
  52. Not to plant a tree in the Temple courtyard — Deut. 16:21
  53. To destroy idols and their accessories — Deut. 12:2
  54. Not to derive benefit from idols and their accessories — Deut. 7:26
  55. Not to derive benefit from ornaments of idols — Deut. 7:25
  56. Not to make a covenant with idolaters —Deut. 7:2
  57. Not to show favor to them — Deut. 7:2
  58. Not to let them dwell in the Land of Israel — Ex. 23:33
  59. Not to imitate them in customs and clothing — Lev. 20:23
  60. Not to be superstitious — Lev. 19:26
  61. Not to go into a trance to foresee events, etc. — Deut. 18:10
  62. Not to engage in divination or soothsaying — Lev. 19:26
  63. Not to mutter incantations — Deut. 18:11
  64. Not to attempt to contact the dead — Deut. 18:11
  65. Not to consult the ov — Deut. 18:11
  66. Not to consult the yidoni — Deut. 18:11
  67. Not to perform acts of magic — Deut. 18:10
  68. Men must not shave the hair off the sides of their head — Lev. 19:27
  69. Men must not shave their beards with a razor — Lev. 19:27
  70. Men must not wear women's clothing — Deut. 22:5
  71. Women must not wear men's clothing — Deut. 22:5
  72. Not to tattoo the skin — Lev. 19:28
  73. Not to tear the skin in mourning — Deut. 14:1
  74. Not to make a bald spot in mourning — Deut. 14:1
  75. To repent and confess wrongdoings — Num. 5:7
  76. To say the Shema twice daily — Deut. 6:7
  77. To pray every day — Ex. 23:25
  78. The Kohanim must bless the Jewish nation daily — Num. 6:23
  79. To wear tefillin (phylacteries) on the head — Deut. 6:8
  80. To bind tefillin on the arm — Deut. 6:8
  81. To put a mezuzah on the door post — Deut. 6:9
  82. Each male must write a Torah scroll — Deut. 31:19
  83. The king must have a separate Torah scroll for himself — Deut. 17:18
  84. To have tzitzit on four-cornered garments — Num. 15:38
  85. To bless the Almighty after eating — Deut. 8:10
  86. To circumcise all males on the eighth day after their birth — Gen. 17:10
  87. To rest on the seventh day — Ex. 23:12
  88. Not to do prohibited labor on the seventh day — Standard->Ex. 20:11 Yemenite->Ex. 20:10
  89. The court must not inflict punishment on Shabbat — Ex. 35:3
  90. Not to walk outside the city boundary on Shabbat — Ex. 16:29
  91. To sanctify Shabbat with Kiddush and Havdalah — Standard->Ex. 20:9 Yemenite->Ex. 20:8
  92. To rest from prohibited labor on Yom Kippur — Lev. 23:32
  93. Not to do prohibited labor on Yom Kippur — Lev. 23:32
  94. To afflict oneself on Yom Kippur — Lev. 16:29
  95. Not to eat or drink on Yom Kippur — Lev. 23:29
  96. To rest on the first day of Passover — Lev. 23:7
  97. Not to do prohibited labor on the first day of Passover — Lev. 23:8
  98. To rest on the seventh day of Passover — Lev. 23:8
  99. Not to do prohibited labor on the seventh day of Passover — Lev. 23:8
  100. To rest on Shavuot — Lev. 23:21
  101. Not to do prohibited labor on Shavuot — Lev. 23:21
  102. To rest on Rosh Hashanah — Lev. 23:24
  103. Not to do prohibited labor on Rosh Hashanah — Lev. 23:25
  104. To rest on Sukkot — Lev. 23:35
  105. Not to do prohibited labor on Sukkot — Lev. 23:35
  106. To rest on Shemini Atzeret — Lev. 23:36
  107. Not to do prohibited labor on Shemini Atzeret —Lev. 23:36
  108. Not to eat chametz on the afternoon of the 14th day of Nisan — Deut. 16:3
  109. To destroy all chametz on 14th day of Nisan — Ex. 12:15
  110. Not to eat chametz all seven days of Passover —Ex. 13:3
  111. Not to eat mixtures containing chametz all seven days of Passover — Ex. 12:20
  112. Not to see chametz in your domain seven days — Ex. 13:7
  113. Not to find chametz in your domain seven days — Ex. 12:19
  114. To eat matzah on the first night of Passover — Ex. 12:18
  115. To relate the Exodus from Egypt on that night — Ex. 13:8
  116. To hear the Shofar on the first day of Tishrei (Rosh Hashanah) — Num. 9:1
  117. To dwell in a Sukkah for the seven days of Sukkot — Lev. 23:42
  118. To take up a Lulav and Etrog all seven days — Lev. 23:40
  119. Each man must give a half shekel annually — Ex. 30:13
  120. Courts must calculate to determine when a new month begins — Ex. 12:2
  121. To afflict oneself and cry out before God in times of calamity — Num. 10:9
  122. To marry a wife by means of ketubah and kiddushin — Deut. 22:13
  123. Not to have sexual relations with women not thus married — Deut. 23:18
  124. Not to withhold food, clothing, and sexual relations from your wife — Ex. 21:10
  125. To have children with one's wife — Gen. 1:28
  126. To issue a divorce by means of a Get document — Deut. 24:1
  127. A man must not remarry his ex-wife after she has married someone else — Deut. 24:4
  128. To perform yibbum (marry the widow of one's childless brother) — Deut. 25:5
  129. To perform halizah (free the widow of one's childless brother from yibbum) — Deut. 25:9
  130. The widow must not remarry until the ties with her brother-in-law are removed (by halizah) — Deut. 25:5
  131. The court must fine one who sexually seduces a maiden — Ex. 22:15-16
  132. The rapist must marry his victim if she is unwed — Deut. 22:29
  133. He is never allowed to divorce her — Deut. 22:29
  134. The slanderer must remain married to his wife — Deut. 22:19
  135. He must not divorce her — Deut. 22:19
  136. To fulfill the laws of the Sotah — Num. 5:30
  137. Not to put oil on her meal offering (as usual) — Num. 5:15
  138. Not to put frankincense on her meal offering (as usual) — Num. 5:15
  139. Not to have sexual relations with your mother — Lev. 18:7
  140. Not to have sexual relations with your father's wife — Lev. 18:8
  141. Not to have sexual relations with your sister — Lev. 18:9
  142. Not to have sexual relations with your father's wife's daughter — Lev. 18:11
  143. Not to have sexual relations with your son's daughter — Lev. 18:10
  144. Not to have sexual relations with your daughter — Lev. 18:10
  145. Not to have sexual relations with your daughter's daughter — Lev. 18:10
  146. Not to have sexual relations with a woman and her daughter — Lev. 18:17
  147. Not to have sexual relations with a woman and her son's daughter — Lev. 18:17
  148. Not to have sexual relations with a woman and her daughter's daughter — Lev. 18:17
  149. Not to have sexual relations with your father's sister — Lev. 18:12
  150. Not to have sexual relations with your mother's sister — Lev. 18:13
  151. Not to have sexual relations with your father's brother's wife — Lev. 18:14
  152. Not to have sexual relations with your son's wife — Lev. 18:15
  153. Not to have sexual relations with your brother's wife — Lev. 18:16
  154. Not to have sexual relations with your wife's sister — Lev. 18:18
  155. A man must not have sexual relations with an animal — Lev. 18:23
  156. A woman must not have sexual relations with an animal — Lev. 18:23
  157. A man must not have sexual relations with a man — Lev. 18:22
  158. Not to have sexual relations with your father — Lev. 18:7
  159. Not to have sexual relations with your father's brother — Lev. 18:14
  160. Not to have sexual relations with someone else's wife — Lev. 18:20
  161. Not to have sexual relations with a menstrually impure woman — Lev. 18:19
  162. Not to marry non-Jews — Deut. 7:3
  163. Not to let Moabite and Ammonite males marry into the Jewish people — Deut. 23:4
  164. Not to refrain from letting a third-generation Egyptian convert enter the Assembly — Deut. 23:8-9
  165. Not to refrain from letting a third-generation Edomite convert enter the Assembly — Deut. 23:8-9
  166. Not to let a mamzer (a child born due to an illegal relationship) marry into the Jewish people — Deut. 23:3
  167. Not to let a eunuch marry into the Jewish people — Deut. 23:2
  168. Not to offer to God any castrated male animals — Lev. 22:24
  169. The High Priest must not marry a widow — Lev. 21:14
  170. The High Priest must not have sexual relations with a widow even outside of marriage — Lev. 21:15
  171. The High Priest must marry a virgin maiden — Lev. 21:13
  172. A Kohen (priest) must not marry a divorcee — Lev. 21:7
  173. A Kohen must not marry a zonah (a woman who has had a forbidden sexual relationship) — Lev. 21:7
  174. A Kohen must not marry a chalalah ("a desecrated person") (party to or product of 169-172) — Lev. 21:7
  175. Not to make pleasurable (sexual) contact with any forbidden woman — Lev. 18:6
  176. To examine the signs of animals to distinguish between kosher and non-kosher — Lev. 11:2
  177. To examine the signs of fowl to distinguish between kosher and non-kosher — Deut. 14:11
  178. To examine the signs of fish to distinguish between kosher and non-kosher — Lev. 11:9
  179. To examine the signs of locusts to distinguish between kosher and non-kosher — Lev. 11:21
  180. Not to eat non-kosher animals — Lev. 11:4
  181. Not to eat non-kosher fowl — Lev. 11:13
  182. Not to eat non-kosher fish — Lev. 11:11
  183. Not to eat non-kosher flying insects — Deut. 14:19
  184. Not to eat non-kosher creatures that crawl on land — Lev. 11:41
  185. Not to eat non-kosher maggots — Lev. 11:44
  186. Not to eat worms found in fruit on the ground — Lev. 11:42
  187. Not to eat creatures that live in water other than (kosher) fish — Lev. 11:43
  188. Not to eat the meat of an animal that died without ritual slaughter — Deut. 14:21
  189. Not to benefit from an ox condemned to be stoned — Ex. 21:2
  190. Not to eat meat of an animal that was mortally wounded — Ex. 22:30
  191. Not to eat a limb torn off a living creature — Deut. 12:23
  192. Not to eat blood —Lev. 3:17
  193. Not to eat certain fats of clean animals — Lev. 3:17
  194. Not to eat the sinew of the thigh — Gen. 32:33
  195. Not to eat mixtures of milk and meat cooked together — Ex. 23:19
  196. Not to cook meat and milk together — Ex. 34:26
  197. Not to eat bread from new grain before the Omer — Lev. 23:14
  198. Not to eat parched grains from new grain before the Omer — Lev. 23:14
  199. Not to eat ripened grains from new grain before the Omer — Lev. 23:14
  200. Not to eat fruit of a tree during its first three years — Lev. 19:23
  201. Not to eat diverse seeds planted in a vineyard — Deut. 22:9
  202. Not to eat untithed fruits — Lev. 22:15
  203. Not to drink wine poured in service to idols — Deut. 32:38
  204. To ritually slaughter an animal before eating it — Deut. 12:21
  205. Not to slaughter an animal and its offspring on the same day — Lev. 22:28
  206. To cover the blood (of a slaughtered beast or fowl) with earth — Lev. 17:13
  207. To send away the mother bird before taking its children — Deut. 22:6
  208. To release the mother bird if she was taken from the nest — Deut. 22:7
  209. Not to swear falsely in God's Name — Lev. 19:12
  210. Not to take God's Name in vain — Standard->Ex. 20:7 Yemenite->Ex. 20:6
  211. Not to deny possession of something entrusted to you — Lev. 19:11
  212. Not to swear in denial of a monetary claim — Lev. 19:11
  213. To swear in God's Name to confirm the truth when deemed necessary by court — Deut. 10:20
  214. To fulfill what was uttered and to do what was avowed — Deut. 23:24
  215. Not to break oaths or vows — Num. 30:3
  216. For oaths and vows annulled, there are the laws of annulling vows explicit in the Torah — Num. 30:3
  217. The Nazirite must let his hair grow — Num. 6:5
  218. He must not cut his hair — Num. 6:5
  219. He must not drink wine, wine mixtures, or wine vinegar — Num. 6:3
  220. He must not eat fresh grapes — Num. 6:3
  221. He must not eat raisins — Num. 6:3
  222. He must not eat grape seeds — Num. 6:4
  223. He must not eat grape skins — Num. 6:4
  224. He must not be under the same roof as a corpse — Num. 6:6
  225. He must not come into contact with the dead — Num. 6:7
  226. He must shave his head after bringing sacrifices upon completion of his Nazirite period — Num. 6:9
  227. To estimate the value of people as determined by the Torah —Lev. 27:2
  228. To estimate the value of consecrated animals — Lev. 27:12-13
  229. To estimate the value of consecrated houses — Lev. 27:14
  230. To estimate the value of consecrated fields — Lev. 27:16
  231. Carry out the laws of interdicting possessions (cherem) — Lev. 27:28
  232. Not to sell the cherem — Lev. 27:28
  233. Not to redeem the cherem — Lev. 27:28
  234. Not to plant diverse seeds together — Lev. 19:19
  235. Not to plant grains or greens in a vineyard — Deut. 22:9
  236. Not to crossbreed animals — Lev. 19:19
  237. Not to work different animals together — Deut. 22:10
  238. Not to wear shaatnez, a cloth woven of wool and linen — Deut. 22:11
  239. To leave a corner of the field uncut for the poor — Lev. 19:10
  240. Not to reap that corner — Lev. 19:9
  241. To leave gleanings — Lev. 19:9
  242. Not to gather the gleanings — Lev. 19:9
  243. To leave the unformed clusters of grapes — Lev. 19:10
  244. Not to pick the unformed clusters of grapes — Lev. 19:10
  245. To leave the gleanings of a vineyard — Lev. 19:10
  246. Not to gather the gleanings of a vineyard — Lev. 19:10
  247. To leave the forgotten sheaves in the field — Deut. 24:19
  248. Not to retrieve them — Deut. 24:19
  249. To separate the "tithe for the poor" — Deut. 14:28
  250. To give charity — Deut. 15:8
  251. Not to withhold charity from the poor — Deut. 15:7
  252. To set aside Terumah (heave offering) Gedolah (gift for the Kohen) — Deut. 18:4
  253. The Levite must set aside a tenth of his tithe — Num. 18:26
  254. Not to preface one tithe to the next, but separate them in their proper order — Ex. 22:28
  255. A non-Kohen must not eat Terumah — Lev. 22:10
  256. A hired worker or a Jewish bondsman of a Kohen must not eat Terumah — Lev. 22:10
  257. An uncircumcised Kohen must not eat Terumah — Ex. 12:48
  258. An impure Kohen must not eat Terumah — Lev. 22:4
  259. A chalalah (party to #s 169-172 above) must not eat Terumah — Lev. 22:12
  260. To set aside Ma'aser (tithe) each planting year and give it to a Levite — Num. 18:24
  261. To set aside the second tithe (Ma'aser Sheni) — Deut. 14:22
  262. Not to spend its redemption money on anything but food, drink, or ointment — Deut. 26:14
  263. Not to eat Ma'aser Sheni while impure — Deut. 26:14
  264. A mourner on the first day after death must not eat Ma'aser Sheni — Deut. 26:14
  265. Not to eat Ma'aser Sheni grains outside Jerusalem — Deut. 12:17
  266. Not to eat Ma'aser Sheni wine products outside Jerusalem — Deut. 12:17
  267. Not to eat Ma'aser Sheni oil outside Jerusalem — Deut. 12:17
  268. The fourth year crops must be totally for holy purposes like Ma'aser Sheni — Lev. 19:24
  269. To read the confession of tithes every fourth and seventh year — Deut. 26:13
  270. To set aside the first fruits and bring them to the Temple — Ex. 23:19
  271. The Kohanim must not eat the first fruits outside Jerusalem — Deut. 12:17
  272. To read the Torah portion pertaining to their presentation — Deut. 26:5
  273. To set aside a portion of dough for a Kohen — Num. 15:20
  274. To give the foreleg, two cheeks, and abomasum of slaughtered animals to a Kohen — Deut. 18:3
  275. To give the first shearing of sheep to a Kohen — Deut. 18:4
  276. To redeem firstborn sons and give the money to a Kohen — Num. 18:15
  277. To redeem the firstborn donkey by giving a lamb to a Kohen — Ex. 13:13
  278. To break the neck of the donkey if the owner does not intend to redeem it — Ex. 13:13
  279. To rest the land during the seventh year by not doing any work which enhances growth — Ex. 34:21
  280. Not to work the land during the seventh year — Lev. 25:4
  281. Not to work with trees to produce fruit during that year — Lev. 25:4
  282. Not to reap crops that grow wild that year in the normal manner — Lev. 25:5
  283. Not to gather grapes which grow wild that year in the normal way — Lev. 25:5
  284. To leave free all produce which grew in that year — Ex. 23:11
  285. To release all loans during the seventh year — Deut. 15:2
  286. Not to pressure or claim from the borrower — Deut. 15:2
  287. Not to refrain from lending immediately before the release of the loans for fear of monetary loss —Deut. 15:9
  288. The Sanhedrin must count seven groups of seven years — Lev. 25:8
  289. The Sanhedrin must sanctify the fiftieth year — Lev. 25:10
  290. To blow the Shofar on the tenth of Tishrei to free the slaves — Lev. 25:9
  291. Not to work the soil during the fiftieth year (Jubilee) — Lev. 25:11
  292. Not to reap in the normal manner that which grows wild in the fiftieth year — Lev. 25:11
  293. Not to pick grapes which grew wild in the normal manner in the fiftieth year — Lev. 25:11
  294. Carry out the laws of sold family properties — Lev. 25:24
  295. Not to sell the land in Israel indefinitely — Lev. 25:23
  296. Carry out the laws of houses in walled cities — Lev. 25:29
  297. The Tribe of Levi must not be given a portion of the land in Israel, rather they are given cities to dwell in — Deut. 18:1
  298. The Levites must not take a share in the spoils of war — Deut. 18:1
  299. To give the Levites cities to inhabit and their surrounding fields — Num. 35:2
  300. Not to sell the fields but they shall remain the Levites' before and after the Jubilee year — Lev. 25:34
  301. To build a Temple — Ex. 25:8
  302. Not to build the altar with stones hewn by metal — Standard->Ex. 20:24 Yemenite->Ex. 20:23
  303. Not to climb steps to the altar — Standard->Ex. 20:27 Yemenite->Ex. 20:26
  304. To show reverence to the Temple — Lev. 19:30
  305. To guard the Temple area — Num. 18:2
  306. Not to leave the Temple unguarded — Num. 18:5
  307. To prepare the anointing oil — Ex. 30:31
  308. Not to reproduce the anointing oil — Ex. 30:32
  309. Not to anoint with anointing oil — Ex. 30:32
  310. Not to reproduce the incense formula — Ex. 30:37
  311. Not to burn anything on the Golden Altar besides incense — Ex. 30:9
  312. The Levites must transport the ark on their shoulders — Num. 7:9
  313. Not to remove the staves from the ark — Ex. 25:15
  314. The Levites must work in the Temple — Num. 18:23
  315. No Levite must do another's work of either a Kohen or a Levite — Num. 18:3
  316. To dedicate the Kohen for service — Lev. 21:8
  317. The work of the Kohanim's shifts must be equal during holidays — Deut. 18:6-8
  318. The Kohanim must wear their priestly garments during service — Ex. 28:2
  319. Not to tear the priestly garments — Ex. 28:32
  320. The Kohen Gadol 's (High Priest) breastplate must not be loosened from the Efod — Ex. 28:28
  321. A Kohen must not enter the Temple intoxicated — Lev. 10:9
  322. A Kohen must not enter the Temple with his head uncovered — Lev. 10:6
  323. A Kohen must not enter the Temple with torn clothes — Lev. 10:6
  324. A Kohen must not enter the Temple indiscriminately — Lev. 16:2
  325. A Kohen must not leave the Temple during service — Lev. 10:7
  326. To send the impure from the Temple — Num. 5:2
  327. Impure people must not enter the Temple — Num. 5:3
  328. Impure people must not enter the Temple Mount area — Deut. 23:11
  329. Impure Kohanim must not do service in the temple — Lev. 22:2
  330. An impure Kohen, following immersion, must wait until after sundown before returning to service — Lev. 22:7
  331. A Kohen must wash his hands and feet before service — Ex. 30:19
  332. A Kohen with a physical blemish must not enter the sanctuary or approach the altar — Lev. 21:23
  333. A Kohen with a physical blemish must not serve — Lev. 21:17
  334. A Kohen with a temporary blemish must not serve — Lev. 21:17
  335. One who is not a Kohen must not serve — Num. 18:4
  336. To offer only unblemished animals — Lev. 22:21
  337. Not to dedicate a blemished animal for the altar — Lev. 22:20
  338. Not to slaughter it — Lev. 22:22
  339. Not to sprinkle its blood — Lev. 22:24
  340. Not to burn its fat — Lev. 22:22
  341. Not to offer a temporarily blemished animal — Deut. 17:1
  342. Not to sacrifice blemished animals even if offered by non-Jews — Lev. 22:25
  343. Not to inflict wounds upon dedicated animals — Lev. 22:21
  344. To redeem dedicated animals which have become disqualified — Deut. 12:15
  345. To offer only animals which are at least eight days old — Lev. 22:27
  346. Not to offer animals bought with the wages of a harlot or the animal exchanged for a dog. Some interpret "exchange for a dog" as referring to wage of a male prostitute.[10][11] — Deut. 23:19
  347. Not to burn honey or yeast on the altar — Lev. 2:11
  348. To salt all sacrifices — Lev. 2:13
  349. Not to omit the salt from sacrifices — Lev. 2:13
  350. Carry out the procedure of the burnt offering as prescribed in the Torah — Lev. 1:3
  351. Not to eat its meat — Deut. 12:17
  352. Carry out the procedure of the sin offering — Lev. 6:18
  353. Not to eat the meat of the inner sin offering — Lev. 6:23
  354. Not to decapitate a fowl brought as a sin offering — Lev. 5:8
  355. Carry out the procedure of the guilt offering — Lev. 7:1
  356. The Kohanim must eat the sacrificial meat in the Temple — Ex. 29:33
  357. The Kohanim must not eat the meat outside the Temple courtyard — Deut. 12:17
  358. A non-Kohen must not eat sacrificial meat — Ex. 29:33
  359. To follow the procedure of the peace offering — Lev. 7:11
  360. Not to eat the meat of minor sacrifices before sprinkling the blood — Deut. 12:17
  361. To bring meal offerings as prescribed in the Torah — Lev. 2:1
  362. Not to put oil on the meal offerings of wrongdoers — Lev. 5:11
  363. Not to put frankincense on the meal offerings of wrongdoers — Lev. 3:11
  364. Not to eat the meal offering of the High Priest — Lev. 6:16
  365. Not to bake a meal offering as leavened bread — Lev. 6:10
  366. The Kohanim must eat the remains of the meal offerings — Lev. 6:9
  367. To bring all avowed and freewill offerings to the Temple on the first subsequent festival — Deut. 12:5-6
  368. Not to withhold payment incurred by any vow — Deut. 23:22
  369. To offer all sacrifices in the Temple — Deut. 12:11
  370. To bring all sacrifices from outside Israel to the Temple — Deut. 12:26
  371. Not to slaughter sacrifices outside the courtyard — Lev. 17:4
  372. Not to offer any sacrifices outside the courtyard — Deut. 12:13
  373. To offer two lambs every day — Num. 28:3
  374. To light a fire on the altar every day — Lev. 6:6
  375. Not to extinguish this fire — Lev. 6:6
  376. To remove the ashes from the altar every day — Lev. 6:3
  377. To burn incense every day — Ex. 30:7
  378. To light the Menorah every day — Ex. 27:21
  379. The Kohen Gadol must bring a meal offering every day — Lev. 6:13
  380. To bring two additional lambs as burnt offerings on Shabbat — Num. 28:9
  381. To make the show bread — Ex. 25:30
  382. To bring additional offerings on Rosh Chodesh (" The New Month") — Num. 28:11
  383. To bring additional offerings on Passover — Num. 28:19
  384. To offer the wave offering from the meal of the new wheat — Lev. 23:10
  385. Each man must count the Omer - seven weeks from the day the new wheat offering was brought — Lev. 23:15
  386. To bring additional offerings on Shavuot — Num. 28:26
  387. To bring two loaves to accompany the above sacrifice — Lev. 23:17
  388. To bring additional offerings on Rosh Hashana — Num. 29:2
  389. To bring additional offerings on Yom Kippur — Num. 29:8
  390. To bring additional offerings on Sukkot — Num. 29:13
  391. To bring additional offerings on Shmini Atzeret — Num. 29:35
  392. Not to eat sacrifices which have become unfit or blemished — Deut. 14:3
  393. Not to eat from sacrifices offered with improper intentions — Lev. 7:18
  394. Not to leave sacrifices past the time allowed for eating them — Lev. 22:30
  395. Not to eat from that which was left over — Lev. 19:8
  396. Not to eat from sacrifices which became impure — Lev. 7:19
  397. An impure person must not eat from sacrifices — Lev. 7:20
  398. To burn the leftover sacrifices — Lev. 7:17
  399. To burn all impure sacrifices — Lev. 7:19
  400. To follow the procedure of Yom Kippur in the sequence prescribed in Parshah Acharei Mot ("After the death of Aaron's sons...") — Lev. 16:3
  401. One who profaned property must repay what he profaned plus a fifth and bring a sacrifice — Lev. 5:16
  402. Not to work consecrated animals — Deut. 15:19
  403. Not to shear the fleece of consecrated animals — Deut. 15:19
  404. To slaughter the paschal sacrifice at the specified time — Ex. 12:6
  405. Not to slaughter it while in possession of leaven — Ex. 23:18
  406. Not to leave the fat overnight — Ex. 23:18
  407. To slaughter the second Paschal Lamb — Num. 9:11
  408. To eat the Paschal Lamb with matzah and Marror on the night of the fourteenth of Nisan — Ex. 12:8
  409. To eat the second Paschal Lamb on the night of the 15th of Iyar — Num. 9:11
  410. Not to eat the paschal meat raw or boiled — Ex. 12:9
  411. Not to take the paschal meat from the confines of the group — Ex. 12:46
  412. An apostate must not eat from it — Ex. 12:43
  413. A permanent or temporary hired worker must not eat from it — Ex. 12:45
  414. An uncircumcised male must not eat from it — Ex. 12:48
  415. Not to break any bones from the paschal offering — Ex. 12:46 Ps. 34:20
  416. Not to break any bones from the second paschal offering — Num. 9:12
  417. Not to leave any meat from the paschal offering over until morning — Ex. 12:10
  418. Not to leave the second paschal meat over until morning — Num. 9:12
  419. Not to leave the meat of the holiday offering of the 14th until the 16th — Deut. 16:4
  420. To be seen at the Temple on Passover, Shavuot, and Sukkot — Deut. 16:16
  421. To celebrate on these three Festivals (bring a peace offering) — Ex. 23:14
  422. To rejoice on these three Festivals (bring a peace offering) — Deut. 16:14
  423. Not to appear at the Temple without offerings — Deut. 16:16
  424. Not to refrain from rejoicing with, and giving gifts to, the Levites — Deut. 12:19
  425. To assemble all the people on the Sukkot following the seventh year — Deut. 31:12
  426. To set aside the firstborn animals — Ex. 13:12
  427. The Kohanim must not eat unblemished firstborn animals outside Jerusalem — Deut. 12:17
  428. Not to redeem the firstborn — Num. 18:17
  429. Separate the tithe from animals — Lev. 27:32
  430. Not to redeem the tithe — Lev. 27:33
  431. Every person must bring a sin offering (in the temple) for his transgression — Lev. 4:27
  432. Bring an asham talui (temple offering) when uncertain of guilt — Lev. 5:17-18
  433. Bring an asham vadai (temple offering) when guilt is ascertained — Lev. 5:25
  434. Bring an oleh v'yored (temple offering)(if the person is wealthy, an animal; if poor, a bird or meal offering) — Lev. 5:7-11
  435. The Sanhedrin must bring an offering (in the Temple) when it rules in error — Lev. 4:13
  436. A woman who had a running (vaginal) issue must bring an offering (in the Temple) after she goes to the Mikveh — Lev. 15:28-29
  437. A woman who gave birth must bring an offering (in the Temple) after she goes to the Mikveh — Lev. 12:6
  438. A man who had a running (unnatural urinary) issue must bring an offering (in the Temple) after he goes to the Mikveh — Lev. 15:13-14
  439. A metzora (one having a skin disease) must bring an offering (in the Temple) after going to the Mikveh — Lev. 14:10
  440. Not to substitute another beast for one set apart for sacrifice — Lev. 27:10
  441. The new animal, in addition to the substituted one, retains consecration — Lev. 27:10
  442. Not to change consecrated animals from one type of offering to another — Lev. 27:26
  443. Carry out the laws of impurity of the dead — Num. 19:14
  444. Carry out the procedure of the Red Heifer (Para Aduma) — Num. 19:2
  445. Carry out the laws of the sprinkling water — Num. 19:21
  446. Rule the laws of human tzara'at as prescribed in the Torah — Lev. 13:12
  447. The metzora must not remove his signs of impurity — Deut. 24:8
  448. The metzora must not shave signs of impurity in his hair — Lev. 13:33
  449. The metzora must publicize his condition by tearing his garments, allowing his hair to grow and covering his lips — Lev. 13:45
  450. Carry out the prescribed rules for purifying the metzora — Lev. 14:2
  451. The metzora must shave off all his hair prior to purification — Lev. 14:9
  452. Carry out the laws of tzara'at of clothing — Lev. 13:47
  453. Carry out the laws of tzara'at of houses — Lev. 13:34
  454. Observe the laws of menstrual impurity — Lev. 15:19
  455. Observe the laws of impurity caused by childbirth — Lev. 12:2
  456. Observe the laws of impurity caused by a woman's running issue — Lev. 15:25
  457. Observe the laws of impurity caused by a man's running issue (irregular ejaculation of infected semen) — Lev. 15:3
  458. Observe the laws of impurity caused by a dead beast — Lev. 11:39
  459. Observe the laws of impurity caused by the eight shratzim (insects) — Lev. 11:29
  460. Observe the laws of impurity of a seminal emission (regular ejaculation, with normal semen) — Lev. 15:16
  461. Observe the laws of impurity concerning liquid and solid foods — Lev. 11:34
  462. Every impure person must immerse himself in a Mikvah to become pure — Lev. 15:16
  463. The court must judge the damages incurred by a goring ox — Ex. 21:28
  464. The court must judge the damages incurred by an animal eating — Ex. 22:4
  465. The court must judge the damages incurred by a pit — Ex. 21:33
  466. The court must judge the damages incurred by fire — Ex. 22:5
  467. Not to steal money stealthily — Lev. 19:11
  468. The court must implement punitive measures against the thief — Ex. 21:37
  469. Each individual must ensure that his scales and weights are accurate — Lev. 19:36
  470. Not to commit injustice with scales and weights — Lev. 19:35
  471. Not to possess inaccurate scales and weights even if they are not for use — Deut. 25:13
  472. Not to move a boundary marker to steal someone's property — Deut. 19:14
  473. Not to kidnap — Standard->Ex. 20:14 Yemenite->Ex. 20:13
  474. Not to rob openly — Lev. 19:13
  475. Not to withhold wages or fail to repay a debt — Lev. 19:13
  476. Not to covet and scheme to acquire another's possession — Standard->Ex. 20:15 Yemenite->Ex. 20:14
  477. Not to desire another's possession — Standard->Deut. 5:19 Yemenite->Deut. 5:18
  478. Return the robbed object or its value — Lev. 5:23
  479. Not to ignore a lost object — Deut. 22:3
  480. Return the lost object — Deut. 22:1
  481. The court must implement laws against the one who assaults another or damages another's property — Ex. 21:18
  482. Not to murder — Standard->Ex. 20:13 Yemenite->Ex. 20:12
  483. Not to accept monetary restitution to atone for the murderer — Num. 35:31
  484. The court must send the accidental murderer to a city of refuge — Num. 35:25
  485. Not to accept monetary restitution instead of being sent to a city of refuge — Num. 35:32
  486. Not to kill the murderer before he stands trial — Num. 35:12
  487. Save someone being pursued even by taking the life of the pursuer — Deut. 25:12
  488. Not to pity the pursuer — Num. 35:12
  489. Not to stand idly by if someone's life is in danger — Lev. 19:16
  490. Designate cities of refuge and prepare routes of access — Deut. 19:3
  491. Break the neck of a calf by the river valley following an unsolved murder — Deut. 21:4
  492. Not to work nor plant that river valley — Deut. 21:4
  493. Not to allow pitfalls and obstacles to remain on your property — Deut. 22:8
  494. Make a guard rail around flat roofs — Deut. 22:8
  495. Not to put a stumbling block before a blind man (nor give harmful advice) — Lev. 19:14
  496. Help another remove the load from a beast which can no longer carry it — Ex. 23:5
  497. Help others load their beast — Deut. 22:4
  498. Not to leave others distraught with their burdens (but to help either load or unload) — Deut. 22:4
  499. Conduct sales according to Torah law — Lev. 25:14
  500. Not to overcharge or underpay for an article — Lev. 25:14
  501. Not to insult or harm anybody with words — Lev. 25:17
  502. Not to cheat a convert monetarily — Ex. 22:20
  503. Not to insult or harm a convert with words — Ex. 22:20
  504. Purchase a Hebrew slave in accordance with the prescribed laws — Ex. 21:2
  505. Not to sell him as a slave is sold — Lev. 25:42
  506. Not to work him oppressively — Lev. 25:43
  507. Not to allow a non-Jew to work him oppressively — Lev. 25:53
  508. Not to have him do menial slave labor — Lev. 25:39
  509. Give him gifts when he goes free — Deut. 15:14
  510. Not to send him away empty-handed — Deut. 15:13
  511. Redeem Jewish maidservants — Ex. 21:8
  512. Betroth the Jewish maidservant — Ex. 21:8
  513. The master must not sell his maidservant — Ex. 21:8
  514. Canaanite slaves must work forever unless injured in one of their limbs — Lev. 25:46
  515. Not to extradite a slave who fled to (Biblical) Israel — Deut. 23:16
  516. Not to wrong a slave who has come to Israel for refuge — Deut. 23:16
  517. The courts must carry out the laws of a hired worker and hired guard — Ex. 22:9
  518. Pay wages on the day they were earned — Deut. 24:15
  519. Not to delay payment of wages past the agreed time — Lev. 19:13
  520. The hired worker may eat from the unharvested crops where he works — Deut. 23:25
  521. The worker must not eat while on hired time — Deut. 23:26
  522. The worker must not take more than he can eat — Deut. 23:25
  523. Not to muzzle an ox while plowing — Deut. 25:4
  524. The courts must carry out the laws of a borrower — Ex. 22:13
  525. The courts must carry out the laws of an unpaid guard — Ex. 22:6
  526. Lend to the poor and destitute — Ex. 22:24
  527. Not to press them for payment if you know they don't have it — Ex. 22:24
  528. Press the idolater for payment — Deut. 15:3
  529. The creditor must not forcibly take collateral — Deut. 24:10
  530. Return the collateral to the debtor when needed — Deut. 24:13
  531. Not to delay its return when needed — Deut. 24:12
  532. Not to demand collateral from a widow — Deut. 24:17
  533. Not to demand as collateral utensils needed for preparing food — Deut. 24:6
  534. Not to lend with interest — Lev. 25:37
  535. Not to borrow with interest — Deut. 23:20
  536. Not to intermediate in an interest loan, guarantee, witness, or write the promissory note — Ex. 22:24
  537. Lend to and borrow from idolaters with interest — Deut. 23:21
  538. The courts must carry out the laws of the plaintiff, admitter, or denier — Ex. 22:8
  539. Carry out the laws of the order of inheritance — Num. 27:8
  540. Appoint judges — Deut. 16:18
  541. Not to appoint judges who are not familiar with judicial procedure — Deut. 1:17
  542. Decide by majority in case of disagreement — Ex. 23:2
  543. The court must not execute through a majority of one; at least a majority of two is required — Ex. 23:2
  544. A judge who presented an acquittal plea must not present an argument for conviction in capital cases — Deut. 23:2
  545. The courts must carry out the death penalty of stoning — Deut. 22:24
  546. The courts must carry out the death penalty of burning — Lev. 20:14
  547. The courts must carry out the death penalty of the sword — Ex. 21:20
  548. The courts must carry out the death penalty of strangulation — Lev. 20:10
  549. The courts must hang those stoned for blasphemy or idolatry — Deut. 21:22
  550. Bury the executed on the day they are killed — Deut. 21:23
  551. Not to delay burial overnight — Deut. 21:23
  552. The court must not let the sorcerer live — Ex. 22:17
  553. The court must give lashes to the wrongdoer — Deut. 25:2
  554. The court must not exceed the prescribed number of lashes — Deut. 25:3
  555. The court must not kill anybody on circumstantial evidence — Ex. 23:7
  556. The court must not punish anybody who was forced to do a crime — Deut. 22:26
  557. A judge must not pity the murderer or assaulter at the trial — Deut. 19:13
  558. A judge must not have mercy on the poor man at the trial — Lev. 19:15
  559. A judge must not respect the great man at the trial — Lev. 19:15
  560. A judge must not decide unjustly the case of the habitual transgressor — Ex. 23:6
  561. A judge must not pervert justice — Lev. 19:15
  562. A judge must not pervert a case involving a convert or orphan — Deut. 24:17
  563. Judge righteously — Lev. 19:15
  564. The judge must not fear a violent man in judgment — Deut. 1:17
  565. Judges must not accept bribes — Ex. 23:8
  566. Judges must not accept testimony unless both parties are present — Ex. 23:1
  567. Not to curse judges — Ex. 22:27
  568. Not to curse the head of state or leader of the Sanhedrin — Ex. 22:27
  569. Not to curse any upstanding Jew — Lev. 19:14
  570. Anybody who knows evidence must testify in court — Lev. 5:1
  571. Carefully interrogate the witness — Deut. 13:15
  572. A witness must not serve as a judge in capital crimes — Deut. 19:17
  573. Not to accept testimony from a lone witness — Deut. 19:15
  574. Transgressors must not testify — Ex. 23:1
  575. Relatives of the litigants must not testify — Deut. 24:16
  576. Not to testify falsely — Standard->Ex. 20:14 Yemenite->Ex. 20:13
  577. Punish the false witnesses as they tried to punish the defendant — Deut. 19:19
  578. Act according to the ruling of the Sanhedrin — Deut. 17:11
  579. Not to deviate from the word of the Sanhedrin — Deut. 17:11
  580. Not to add to the Torah commandments or their oral explanations — Deut. 13:1
  581. Not to diminish from the Torah any commandments, in whole or in part — Deut. 13:1
  582. Not to curse your father and mother — Ex. 21:17
  583. Not to strike your father and mother — Ex. 21:15
  584. Respect your father or mother — Standard->Ex. 20:13 Yemenite->Ex. 20:12
  585. Fear your mother or father — Lev. 19:3
  586. Not to be a rebellious son — Deut. 21:18
  587. Mourn for relatives — Lev. 10:19
  588. The High Priest must not defile himself for any relative — Lev. 21:11
  589. The High Priest must not enter under the same roof as a corpse — Lev. 21:11
  590. A Kohen must not defile himself (by going to funerals or cemeteries) for anyone except relatives — Lev. 21:1
  591. Appoint a king from Israel — Deut. 17:15
  592. Not to appoint a foreigner — Deut. 17:15
  593. The king must not have too many wives — Deut. 17:17
  594. The king must not have too many horses — Deut. 17:16
  595. The king must not have too much silver and gold — Deut. 17:17
  596. Destroy the seven Canaanite nations — Deut. 20:17
  597. Not to let any of them remain alive — Deut. 20:16
  598. Wipe out the descendants of Amalek — Deut. 25:19
  599. Remember what Amalek did to the Jewish people — Deut. 25:17
  600. Not to forget Amalek's atrocities and ambush on our journey from Egypt in the desert — Deut. 25:19
  601. Not to dwell permanently in Egypt — Deut. 17:16
  602. Offer peace terms to the inhabitants of a city while holding siege, and treat them according to the Torah if they accept the terms — Deut. 20:10
  603. Not to offer peace to Ammon and Moab while besieging them — Deut. 23:7
  604. Not to destroy food trees even during the siege — Deut. 20:19
  605. Prepare latrines outside the camps — Deut. 23:13
  606. Prepare a shovel for each soldier to dig with — Deut. 23:14
  607. Appoint a priest to speak with the soldiers during the war — Deut. 20:2
  608. He who has taken a wife, built a new home, or planted a vineyard is given a year to rejoice with his possessions — Deut. 24:5
  609. Not to demand from the above any involvement, communal or military — Deut. 24:5
  610. Not to panic and retreat during battle — Deut. 20:3
  611. Keep the laws of the captive woman — Deut. 21:11
  612. Not to sell her into slavery — Deut. 21:14
  613. Not to retain her for servitude after having sexual relations with her — Deut. 21:14